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Camera

1st Assistant Camera

What is the job? The role of the 1st AC (until recently known as Focus Puller) is one of the most skilled jobs on a film crew. 1st ACs are responsible for focusing and refocusing the camera lens as actors move within the frame of each shot, but they do not look through the lens to do this; they pul...

Camera

2nd Assistant Camera

2nd ACs assist the Camera Operator in positioning and moving the camera, and are responsible for loading and unloading film magazines, changing and charging camera batteries, changing lenses, operating the clapper board, filling out and filing all camera sheets, liaising with film labs, and ordering...

Direction

2nd Assistant Director

What is the job? On each day of a shoot, Seconds must prepare and draw up the next day's call sheet, (which involves confirming the details of who needs to be on set and at what time, the transport arrangements, extras required etc.). These details must be approved by the production office before ...

Editing and Post Production

2nd Assistant Editor

What is the job? 2nd AEs assist 1st AEs to ensure the smooth running of the cutting room. On big budget films, overseen by 1st AEs, 2nd AEs carry out the majority of the hands-on assisting duties; these vary from film to film, but usually include digitising rushes, recording play-outs onto tape o...

Direction

3rd Assistant Director

What is the job? Thirds are responsible for co-ordinating the extras to arrive at the right time and place for filming. Once the extras are on set or location, Thirds are in charge of preparing and cueing them, and sometimes also directing them, in any required background action. They must also su...

Accounts

Accounts Trainee

Responsibilities Accounts Trainees are typically responsible for making and recording payments, processing documents relating to goods and services received, processing authorised payments, preparing ledger balances, and otherwise helping to control accounts. Specific daily duties may involve an...

Post Production Sound

ADR Dialogue Editor (ADR Mixer)

What is the job? Dialogue Editors start work on a film well into the picture editing process, when they attend a spotting session with the other Sound Editors during which all sound issues are discussed and noted. All the lines of dialogue are carefully scrutinised for problems, either technical, ...

Camera

Aerial Camera Pilot

What is the job? Camera Pilots fly the aircraft that carries the aerial camera crew (Aerial Director of Photography (DoP) and Aerial Camera Assistant). Together they shoot the aerial sequences that form part of the finished feature film. Camera Pilots are also responsible for flying any aircraft, ...

Camera

Aerial Director of Photography

Films often start with a sweeping birds-eye view of where the story is set: a city's skyline, a rural idyll, or a mountainous landscape. Similarly, at some point in most car chase sequences, a shot from above illustrates all the action from a dramatic and exciting perspective. Creating these powerfu...

Performers

Agent

Agents find work for their clients, co–ordinating their contracts, and securing appropriate deals for them. They represent a roster of all types of performers, and cultivate relationships with industry decision–makers in order to persuade them to use their clients. Agents negotiate deals...

Lighting

Apprentice Lighting Technician

Responsibilities Apprentices always work under the close supervision of fully qualified technicians for the first two years of their apprenticeships. Each section or department of a lighting company has its own Head who helps to train the apprentices. Health and Safety legislation and procedures a...

Art Department

Art Department Assistant

What is the job? Art Department Assistants usually start work in the early stages of pre-production and finish approximately a week after the film has wrapped (is completed). On most films of a modest budget, they fulfil both the role of a trainee, working to improve their drawing and model makin...

Art Department

Art Department Assistant (Film)

Art department assistants usually start work in the early stages of pre-production and finish approximately a week after the film has wrapped (is completed). On most films of a modest budget, they fulfil both the role of a trainee, working to improve their drawing and model making skills, and of a r...

Art Department

Art Department Co-ordinator

What is the job? The Art Department is always the biggest department on any film, involving vast numbers of crew, equipment, material and most significantly, money. Art Department Co-ordinators provide the day-to-day administration and support that helps to keep the department running efficiently...

Art Department

Art Director

What is the job? On big budget film or television productions, Art Directors may start work up to 4 to 5 months before shooting begins (on low budget productions 4 weeks may be sufficient). When the Final Schedule is delivered (detailing the precise shooting order of the scenes), Art Directors begi...

Accounts

Assistant Accountant

Responsibilities Assistant Accountants assist in the day-to-day running of the Accounts Office. They help the Key Assistant Accountant and Production Accountant to maintain records of invoices and creditors' payments. They keep records of all transactions, and are usually responsible for the prepa...

Art Department

Assistant Art Director

What is the job? Assistant Art Directors' responsibilities vary according to the size of the production. On smaller films or in television productions, they help the Art Director with a wide range of tasks including Art Department research, accessing and making props, surveying locations, model ma...

Performers

Assistant Choreographer

What is the job? Assistant Choreographers are briefed by Choreographers about the production, and about the types of steps or routines required. Assistants may work with Choreographers to design the routines, and to experiment in studios, before starting rehearsals with the performers. They may h...

Construction

Assistant Construction Manager

Responsibilities Assistant Construction Managers work closely with Construction Managers throughout productions, from the planning process through to the end of shoots. Their key responsibility is to monitor the construction of sets and stages, in order to ensure that they are built to the standa...

Editing and Post Production

Assistant Editor

What is the job? Assistant Editors take charge of the day-to-day running of the cutting room, leaving the Editor free to concentrate on the work of editing the film. Their first task is to communicate with other relevant departments (Production, Camera, Sound, etc.) in order to understand and anal...

Hair & Make-up

Assistant Hairdresser

What is the job? Assistant Hairdressers are usually recruited onto productions approximately a week before shooting commences. They are involved in the basic setup and maintenance of hair workstations, including: keeping workstations clean and tidy, cleaning and laying out brushes and products fo...

Locations

Assistant Location Manager

What is the job? One of the first and most important responsibilities of Assistant Location Managers is the preparation of Movement Orders (directions to locations which are distributed daily with call sheets), which enable crew members to travel quickly, directly and safely from the production of...

Hair & Make-up

Assistant Make-Up Artist

What is the job? Assistant Make-up Artists may be involved in the set-up and maintenance of the make-up workstations, including: keeping workstations clean and tidy, cleaning and laying out brushes and products for the day ahead, making sure product levels are maintained, assisting with the purcha...

Art Department

Assistant Production Buyer

What is the job? The Assistant Production Buyer's main responsibilities are the sourcing and buying of all dressing props (which are not hired from Prop Houses) and of the various components to be used in the construction of props. Whilst they work directly with the Production Buyer and the Set Deco...

Production

Assistant Production Co-ordinator

Responsibilities Assistant Production Co-ordinators work under the direct supervision of a Production Co-ordinator. Their duties vary according to the production phase, and the daily requirements of the production office. Responsibilities may be spread across a number of related areas, includin...

Production

Associate Producer

What is the job? Associate Producers contribute significantly to the production process, as they are responsible for specific elements delegated to them by the Producer. This diverse role may encompass development, research, packaging, raising production finance, supervising the production design ...

Facilities

Audio Dubbing Assistant

What is the job? Audio or Dubbing Assistants assist with gathering, selecting and mixing the dialogue, music and effects which ultimately create the final sound track for a variety of productions. They carry out a very similar role to that of Edit Assistants, but specialise in audio rather than pi...

Lighting

Best Boy

Responsibilities Best Boys have specific responsibility for liaising with other members of the production team, e.g., the First Assistant Director, the Special Effects Director or the Art Director. On location they may liaise with the building maintenance team, or with the electrician in a particu...

Facilities

Bookings Co-ordinator - Post Production

What is the job?The Bookings department is a key area of Post Production . All jobs at a Post Production House are allocated and monitored by this department. Post Production Facilities Houses provide complete end to end services for off-line, on-line and non-linear editing, visual effects, and DVD ...

Production Sound

Boom Operator

What is the job? Boom Operators assist the Production Sound Mixer and operate the boom microphone, which is either hand-held on a long arm or dolly mounted (on a moving platform). If radio or clip microphones are required, Boom Operators position them correctly around the set or location, or on ac...

Camera

Camera Operator

What is the job? Camera Operators usually begin work at the end of pre-production and, if the budget allows, attend the technical recces with other Heads of Department. They work closely with the Director of Photography (DoP), Director and Grip, and are responsible for the 1st Assistant Camera (AC)...

Camera

Camera Pilot

What is the job? Camera Pilots fly the aircraft that carries the aerial camera crew (Aerial Director of Photography (DoP) and Aerial Camera Assistant). Together they shoot the aerial sequences that form part of the finished feature film. Camera Pilots are also responsible for flying any aircraft...

Camera

Camera Trainee

What is the job? Camera Trainees work closely with all members of the camera department, but they specifically assist the 2nd Assistant Camera (AC). The degree of responsibility given to Camera Trainees ranges from making tea and coffee, to more complex tasks such as handling lenses, filling out...

Casting

Casting Assistant

The duties of casting assistants vary according to the scale and budget of each film, and also according to the willingness of the casting director to delegate responsibility. Assistants are usually hired during development casting; their first responsibility is to read the script and to help the ca...

Catering

Catering Crew

What is the job? Catering companies are hired by Production Managers who put the work out to tender according to the catering budget agreed with the Producer. Catering companies prepare quotes and supply sample menus, and if their tender is accepted, provide catering for the production. On big f...

Construction

Chargehand Painter

Responsibilities Chargehand Painters are responsible for all the work carried out by the Painting team. Once they are hired onto productions, they discuss the plans with Production Designers and Construction Managers, in order to establish the amount of work required, how long it will take, what f...

Construction

Chargehand Rigger

Responsibilities Chargehand Riggers are responsible for managing the construction of specific rigging projects during film shoots. Once the film's rigging requirements have been calculated, Chargehand Riggers are briefed by either the HOD Rigger or the Supervising Rigger about the construction of...

Hair & Make-up

Chief Hairdresser

What is the job? Chief Hairdressers acting as Heads of Department break down the script: working out hair styles for each character, assessing whether wigs need to be made or hired, and carrying out research into the production's time period. They present their initial ideas to the Director, Chief...

Hair & Make-up

Chief Make-up Artist

What's the job? Chief make-up artists will work closely with costume designers, and chief hairdressers to ensure that each artist's overall "look" complements every aspect of the script.Chief make-up artists break down the script: working out make-up styles for each character, assessing whether pro...

Performers

Choreographer

What is the job? Choreographers are briefed by the Director about the production, and about the dance styles required. They may be expected to suggest their own ideas, or to realise the Director’s vision, but they must always be able to assess the situation quickly in order to work effective...

Facilities

Colourist - post production

What is the job? Colourists must ensure that all shots within each scene match one another. They do this by balancing colour saturation and luminance from shot to shot, so that no one shot stands out in the sequence. They should be able to distinguish and correct colour differences within scenes, a...

Music

Composer

Responsibilities Composers are responsible for writing original music for films. They discuss ideas with Directors, and establish where and when music is required during spotting sessions. They produce a demo score, searching for a musical style to suit the story, and decide on the themes and purp...

Art Department

Concept Artist

What is the job? Big studio based films usually employ a number of Concept Artists who each work on a specific element, e.g. a fantasy creature and/or scene. If the screenplay is an adaptation, the Concept Artist may analyse the original source material to gather as much descriptive information as ...

Lighting

Console Operator

What is the job? On productions Console Operators operate the generic, conventional or fixed lights on a film set. They set up the dimmer board and then wire, programme and operate it, in order to mix the lighting effects during filming. They balance the picture, and programme the lights to incre...

Construction

Construction Manager

Responsibilities Construction Managers are responsible for interpreting and realising Production Designers' plans. They consult with Production Designers in order to establish the film's construction requirements. Working from Production Designers' plans, they establish the number of sets require...

Production

Co-producer

What is the job? Co-Producers' responsibilities vary enormously. However, they always have less responsibility than the Producer for the completion of the film. Where the Co-Producer is also the Line Producer, he or she is responsible for all the business and logistical aspects during the main ...

Costume

Costume Assistant

Responsibilities Costume Assistants may help to break down the script into costume plots, and detail costume requirements and changes in the continuity book. They may also carry out research for the Costume Designer into the costume styles, designs and construction methods which are appropriate fo...

Costume

Costume Daily

Responsibilities Costume Dailies are often brought in for crowd fittings; they collaborate with the Costume Supervisor, Costume Assistants and Costume Design Assistants. They work with extras, to find the right costumes to suit particular faces or physiques, and they may be responsible for taking ...

Costume

Costume Design Assistant

Responsibilities Costume Design Assistants help Costume Designers to break down the script, in order to assess how many characters there are, and what costumes are going to be needed, as well as analysing individual character plots. Costume Design Assistants may carry out research for Designers in...

Costume

Costume Designer

What is the job? Costume designers are integral to defining the overall ‘look' of films, and their role requires a great deal of expertise alongside the ability to stick to strict budgets, and tight schedules. Their creative work ranges from designing original costumes, to overseeing the purc...

Script

Development Executive

Development Executives are responsible for acquiring and developing stories and screenplays that will make successful theatrical films, whether they are for general release, the niche market, or (in the case of short films) for festival screening. This requires a keen understanding of tone and genre...

Direction

Director

What is the job? Directors work closely with Producers and/or Writers, embellishing, refining and ultimately realising original ideas into finished programmes. They make careful preparations in order to ensure the success of each shoot. Directors must have a clear creative vision of the project, an...

Lighting

Director of Photography (DoP)

Directors of photography are key heads of department on film productions and play a major creative role. They are chosen by the director, subject to approval by the financiers, studio and/or completion bond company. The ability of cinema to entertain and emotionally move an audience is the result of...

Distribution

Distributor

Responsibilities Distributors acquire a slate of films via deals with studios, and production companies, and/or through film sales agents who represent filmmakers. These deals specify the Distributors' overall rights for a set period of time, and usually include the film's cinema release plan, it...

Art Department

Drapesmaster

What is the job? Drapesmasters oversee the production and installation of all soft furnishing used to dress sets, as well as any livery interiors of vehicles and boats that feature in a film. Drapery, such as floor cloths (on which all set flooring is laid) or scenic backing (on which Scenic Artist...

Art Department

Draughtsman

What is the job? Draughtsmen’s drawings provide a technical template (including measurements, materials, construction, etc.) for the Construction Department. Some prefer to work at their drawing boards in the Art Department office, whilst others are more involved in the set’s constructi...

Props

Dressing Props

Responsibilities The Dressing Props and the Props Storeman* take delivery of the props required to dress sets or locations. Working to very tight timescales, the Dressing Props team transforms the site to meet the requirements of the design brief. This involves many different activities including:...

Transport

Driver (facilities vehicles)

Responsibilities Drivers of facilities vehicles have a number of key responsibilities during a shoot. They must ensure that their vehicle arrives in good time at a specified location, which often means starting work very early. They should have thoroughly researched, in advance, the best route to ...

Facilities

DVD author

What is the job? DVD* Authors work with appropriate authoring systems to programme DVD titles in response to agreed project specifications. For example subtitles may be imported, chapter points and transfer functions introduced, multi-story or multi-angle links created, and various menus and butt...

Facilities

DVD compressionist

What is the job? DVD* Compressionists encode and verify video and audio materials to Project Specifications, using relevant facilities and systems, as directed by Producers and Senior Authors or Technical Producers, working to specified Encoding Procedures. They must be familiar with a variety of...

Facilities

DVD producer

What is the job? DVD* Producers/Project Managers liaise closely with clients to oversee and closely monitor the DVD production process, from initial concept and pre-production scheduling, to interactive design, production, testing and delivery. They monitor and assess all aspects of these process...

Facilities

DVD Quality Control (QC)

What is the job? DVD* QCs are vital members of the DVD production team, they are responsible for the thorough testing and checking of DVD disc contents, including video, audio, graphics, subtitles, etc., to defined specifications. This work can be split into two. Firstly, the integrity of the enc...

Facilities

Edit Assistant - post production

What is the job? Edit Assistants provide basic technical and practical support for Editors, Telecine Operators, Colourists and other senior personnel, so that they can concentrate on the creative aspects of Post Production. Edit Assistants also help with spotting and rectifying mistakes and omissi...

Editing and Post Production

Editor

What is the job? Editors work closely with the Director before shooting begins, deciding how to maximise the potential of the screenplay. On the first day of principal photography, Editors begin work in the cutting room (sometimes on location), looking at the previous day’s rushes which ar...

Publicity/Stills

EPK Director

What is the job? EPK Directors/Producers may be asked to pitch (make a proposal) for a job after reading the script and considering how the EPK and "making-of" films will fit in with the overall press and marketing campaign. Once they have been selected, EPK D/Ps work directly with the film company...

Production

Executive Producer

Responsibilities As there may be several Executive Producers on a film, it is difficult to define their exact responsibilities. However, they usually fall into one or more of the following categories: Development - the Executive Producer secures the rights to a story and develops the screenplay...

Camera

Film – Aerial Camera Assistant

Ensuring that a lens is in focus, or that a can of exposed film is properly labelled at 30,000 ft requires skill and courage. Because of weight restrictions, aerial camera crews involve fewer people than their terrestrial equivalent, usually comprising of a three person crew – the camera pilot...

Editing and Post Production

Film – Assistant Editor

Assistant editors take charge of the day-to-day running of the cutting room, leaving the Editor free to concentrate on the work of editing the film. Their first task is to communicate with other relevant departments (production, camera, sound, etc.) in order to understand and analyse the requirement...

Production

Film – Producer

Producers are highly self-motivated individuals, who have the final responsibility for all aspects of a film's production. The producer's responsibility is to the production company and the Executive Producers who are appointed to supervise the production on behalf of the financiers and distributors...

Direction

Film and Television – Floor Runner

Many highly successful directors, producers or technicians begin their careers as runners and within the industry the role of runner is viewed as basic, on-the-job training. Runners may be asked to do anything that is required on the set or location to aid the progress of the shoot, making the role ...

Performers

Film and TV - Actor

Actors tend to work across all the disciplines of Theatre, Film, Television and Radio, and may also work as models, or provide voice-overs for commercials, documentaries, talking books, dubbed foreign language films, etc. They are selected by the producer, director, casting director or, in some case...

Post Production Sound

Film and TV – Audio Describer

Audio describers are responsible for the very detailed descriptions that bring the cinema experience to life. In Cinemas audio description is provided using headphones, which allow the audience to vary sound levels according to their requirements; for home viewing additional soundtracks are availabl...

Construction

Film and TV - Carpenter

Carpenters' work on film production is varied, and they play a crucial role in both the look, and smooth running of the film. Taking instructions from the chargehand carpenter, they may be responsible for producing a variety of structures, ranging from onscreen props such as window frames and stairc...

Casting

Film and TV – Casting Director

In pre-production, casting directors liaise with both the director and the producer, who rely on the Casting Director to assist them to assemble the perfect cast for the film. They are responsible for matching the ideal actor to each role, based on a number of factors, such as the actor's experience...

Construction

Film and TV - Chargehand Carpenter

What's the job? Chargehand carpenters are responsible for all the work carried out by the carpentry team. This encompasses all the wooden structures required by film production, ranging from doors, windows and wooden props, through to the raised platforms that may be required by the crew during fil...

Art Department

Film and TV - Production Designer

Alongside the director of photography production designers are largely responsible for informing and realising the directors vision. They begin work at the very early stages of pre-production and are requested by the director and/or producer. Production designers may be asked to look at scripts be...

Props

Film and TV- Armourer

As it is illegal to use firearms on set unless a licensed armourer is present, productions must hire one when firearms or other weapons are used during filming, although there are some exceptions. Armourers are highly skilled individuals, with a great deal of responsibility for the safety of the cas...

Direction

Film Director

Responsibilities Directors may write the film's script or commission it to be written; or they may be hired after an early draft of the script is complete. Directors must then develop a vision for the finished film, and define a practical route for achieving it. During pre-production, Directors ...

Distribution

Film Sales Agent

Responsibilities Film Sales Agents need to continually acquire new films in order to keep their catalogues fresh and intriguing to buyers. They therefore regularly attend screenings and festivals, and meet with new filmmakers. Film Sales Agents also promote new films at various film festivals an...

Lighting

Genny Operator

Responsibilities Genny Operators' main responsibility is to load the generator and drive it to the required location. They must ensure that it is fully operational, and that is meets the specifications required for the production. They clean and maintain the generator, and carry out some maintena...

Art Department

Graphic Artist

What is the job? The demand for specialist action props varies enormously from film to film and Graphics Artists may spend six weeks working on four duplicate copies of one major “hero” prop (e.g. an ancient book of alchemic signs, which requires them to work closely with a paper specia...

Props

Greensman

Responsibilities During pre-production Greensmen are briefed by the Production Designer. They plan how best to execute the designs, and what materials should be used. Greensmen may need to carry out research into the appropriate habitats, plants and foliage for the production. They source and selec...

Camera

Grip

What is the job? Grips work closely with the Director, Director of Photography (DoP) and the Camera Operator to ensure that all positioning or movement of cameras is achievable. Grips are usually responsible for pushing the Dolly (the wheeled platform which carries the camera and the Camera Operat...

Hair & Make-up

Hairdresser

What is the job? Hairdressers are briefed by Heads of Department (either the Make-up and Hair Designer, or the Chief Hairdresser) who provide them with detailed continuity notes for the characters they create. They work on principal and supporting Actors and, depending on the schedule, usually lo...

Construction

Head of Department Plasterer

Responsibilities HoD Plasterers are responsible for all of the work carried out by the Plastering team. On very big budget films, they manage a large team comprising several Supervising Plasterers, Chargehand Plasterers, and Plasterers. During pre-production, HoD Plasterers liaise with Construct...

Construction

Head of Department Rigger

Responsibilities HoD Riggers are responsible for the work of the entire Rigging department on films, which involves installing rigging gear such as scaffolding, cables, ropes, pulleys, winches and lifting equipment. Once HoD Riggers are employed on film productions, they ascertain from Constructi...

Health and Safety

Health and Safety Advisor (Consultant)

Responsibilities Most importantly, Health and Safety Advisors assist in the implementation and management of effective risk control. It is not the Advisors' role to manage health and safety systems within a film production, but to enable relevant members within that production to take health and sa...

Facilities

Junior Engineer

What is the job?Junior Engineering Assistants support the work of the engineering department, and of the Post Production team. They are employed to keep facilities running, and to integrate new technology. Engineering is often combined with other job roles, particularly Tape Operators and Machine Ro...

Accounts

Key Assistant Accountant

Responsibilities Key Assistant Accountants need a thorough working knowledge of accounting software, of the preparation of accounts, and of all record keeping and other related duties associated with the day-to-day activities of Production Accounting. They must understand all relevant guild, unio...

Facilities

Library Assistant - post production

What is the job?Library Assistants handle all tapes and media coming into and out of facilities companies. They know the location of all media relating to specific jobs in hand. They log new tapes and other media into and out of the library. They check that all media are labelled accurately. Librar...

Lighting

Lighting Technician - Film

Responsibilities Lighting Technicians' responsibilities vary according to the size of the production, and the number of lighting technicians in the team. Lighting Technicians represent the company who employs them, although many work freelance once they have established a reputation. They are req...

Production

Line Producer

What is the job? Line Producers are in charge of all the business aspects of the physical production of films. They are called Line Producers because they cannot start work until they know what the 'Line' is. 'Above the Line' relates to Wrioters, Producers, DIrectors and cast. 'Below the Line' rela...

Locations

Location Manager

What is the job? Location Managers must identify, from scripts and from discussions with Directors, Designers or other Heads of Department, the number, types and sequence of locations required for productions. They identify and use appropriate sources of information to research different locations...

Hair & Make-up

Make-Up & Hair Artist

What is the job? Make-up and Hair Artists are employed throughout pre-production and production, and usually work on a freelance basis. Dailies work on a day to day basis normally on crowd scenes. Personals are personal Make-up and/or Hair Artists employed to look after a specific Principal Actor o...

Hair & Make-up

Make-Up & Hair Assistant

What is the job? Increased multi-skilling in the UK film and television industries has meant that personnel are required to be proficient in both make-up and hair, and the departments are often merged. Make-up and Hair Assistants may be involved in the set-up and maintenance of the make-up and hai...

Hair & Make-up

Make-Up & Hair Designer

What is the job? Increased multi-skilling in the UK film and television industries has meant that personnel are required to be proficient in both make-up and hair, and the departments are often merged. Make Up and Hair Designers’ responsibilities vary depending on production needs. The Make ...

Camera

Marine and Diving Camera Crew

What are the jobs? Marine and Diving Crews are responsible for creating suspense and drama in scenes, for bringing the underwater world alive, and for maintaining strict health and safety guidelines in the water. Only a small number of Underwater DoPs work on feature films in the UK, and most have ...

Distribution

Marketing and Publicity Manager

Responsibilities Marketing and Publicity Managers' main responsibility is to enhance a film's visibility, and to raise the public's awareness, by convincing audiences that this is a 'must-see' movie. They must ensure that the overall desire peaks when the film opens. Subsequently, Marketing and Pu...

Distribution

Marketing Assistant

Responsibilities Implementation is one of the Marketing Assistants' chief duties. Because of the nature of the film industry, the boundaries, roles and duties of Marketing Assistants constantly shift, and can seemingly blur. These duties range from overseeing film test screenings to organising dry...

Construction

Model Maker

Responsibilities Model Makers are responsible for building the models used to enhance sets, or to replicate structures in miniature, e.g., they may be required to construct a nine inch high replica of the Great Wall Of China, or to make miniature copies in clay of large cities for use by the Visual...

Lighting

Moving Light Operator

Responsibilities Moving Light Operators must work to the instructions of the Director of Photography, but must also be able to work on their own initiative. They set up the moving lights, and programme the computer cues, which may involve working at night in order to get everything ready for the n...

Music

Music Agent or Composer Agent

Responsibilities Music Agents are responsible for representing their clients. They must keep up to date with what's happening in the industry, find out what films are in development, and which have been given a green light; and cultivate and maintain relationships with producers and directors. Much...

Music

Music Editor

What is the job? Music Editors' responsibilities vary according to each film's musical content and budget. They are usually responsible for all the music featured on film soundtracks, including: performed music (e.g., a band or singer who performs within the narrative of the film), all sourced musi...

Music

Music Supervisor

What is the job? Music Supervisors are usually employed at the post production stage, but they are occasionally required earlier in the production process, e.g., to source tracks for on camera dancing, or to organise an on camera concert, involving musicians and singers miming to pre-recorded trac...

Construction

Painter

Responsibilities Working under the supervision of Chargehand Painters, Painters in the film industry are responsible for carrying out many of the tasks associated with domestic painters, e.g., surface preparation, which involves using cleaning materials, stripping aids and fillers; and applying sea...

Health and Safety

Paramedics and Paramedical Staff

Responsibilities Only one Paramedic may be required on some general filming, and more specifically on low risk stunt and action scenes, usually using portable equipment, and providing his or her own transport. For higher risk stunts, or where filming takes place at some distance from a hospital, tw...

Construction

Plasterer

Responsibilities Plasterers' work on film productions is incredibly varied, and contributes enormously to the look of films. As well as carrying out the traditional plastering tasks associated with domestic Plasterers, such as applying plaster to walls, ceilings and floors, they are also responsi...

Editing and Post Production

Post Production Supervisor

What is the job? The role of the Post Production Supervisor varies according to the type of film and the budget. On big budget films involving complex CGI (Computer Generated Imaging) effects you would normally start work during pre-production, liaising with the VFX (visual effects) providers ensur...

Lighting

Practical Lighting Technician

Responsibilities Film production may take place in any building (rather than in a purpose-built studio), and in order to light the set Practical Lighting Technicians must be able to safely access the building's power supply by taking a feed from the fuse box. They may be required to remove the exis...

Production

Producer

Responsibilities Producers have overall control on every aspect of a film's production, bringing together the Screenwriters, Director, cast, finances and production team. Their primary responsibility is to foster an environment in which the creative talents of the cast and crew can flourish. Produc...

Accounts

Production Accountant

Responsibilities Production Accountants are responsible for calculating finances, costing productions, liaising with financiers, and controlling the cash flow to ensure that payments are made on time, and in accordance with agreements and approved budgets. They must contribute to the probity of t...

Production

Production Assistant

Responsibilities Production Assistants provide administrative support to the Producer and are involved in all stages of the production process from pre-production through to post production. Their responsibilities are defined by the Producer, on an almost daily basis, throughout the production of t...

Art Department

Production Buyer

What is the job? Production Buyers usually start work on productions approximately two weeks after the Set Decorator and begin by marking up the script and listing details of all action and dressing props required. Once this list has been checked with the Set Decorator, the props are provisionally ...

Production

Production Co-ordinator

What is the job? In addition to employee relations and operational duties, a Production Co-ordinator is required to perform many clerical duties. This may include drafting internal and external correspondence, creating cast and crew contact lists as well as typing daily call sheets. Additionally...

Art Department

Production Designer

What is the job?Production Designers consider the script/treatment, and any other form of brief, when producing the original designs. In the early stages of a project they will use the appropriate technique to demonstrate the proposed designs. For most types of animation, even CGI, designs are often...

Production

Production Manager

Responsibilities Production Managers are in charge of the expenditure of the 'below-the-line' budget. In pre-production, Production Managers work closely with the Producer, Line Producer and First Assistant Director to break down the script page by page, and to prepare a provisional schedule. Produ...

Production

Production Runner or Production Assistant

What is the job? Production Runners are deployed by the Producer and by other production staff, such as the Production Co- ordinator, to assist wherever they are needed on productions. Their responsibilities vary considerably depending on where Production Runners are assigned. In the Production O...

Production Sound

Production Sound Mixer

What is the job? Approximately two weeks before the first day of principal photography, Production Sound Mixers meet with the Producer and Director to discuss their creative intentions, (is the sound naturalistic or stylised, etc.), technical requirements and budgetary issues. They also meet with t...

Exhibition

Programmer

Responsibilities Programmers are responsible for selecting appropriate films for the venue's target audience. This involves building good relationships with film distributors, in order to ensure that the required films are secured, and not allotted to competitors. A keen interest in film is essen...

Exhibition

Projectionist

Responsibilities Projectionists are responsible for receiving films, and for inspecting them for any technical problems. If they discover any faults, they may have to make the necessary repairs, working to deadlines. They provide the required film projection service, and ensure that all advertisem...

Props

Prop Maker

Responsibilities Prop Makers are given instructions, designs or rough ideas by the Production Designer, Art Director or Property Master, prior to the shoot. From these designs Prop Makers must plan and create the props necessary for production. They may carry out their own research into the style ...

Props

Property Master

Responsibilities During pre-production Property Masters liaise with Production Designers and Art Directors to break down the script, and to determine what props are required. At this stage Property Masters may work with Production Buyers who carry out research into period props, styles of furnitur...

Props

Props Storeman

Responsibilities Props Storemen organise the collection, transport and delivery of all hired or purchased props, in collaboration with Property Masters, Production Buyers, and Set Dressers (where they are employed on productions). This involves nominating the pick-up points, noting the size of the...

Hair & Make-up

Prosthetics Artist

What is the job? Prosthetics Artists hired for the duration of a film break down the script to analyse what Prosthetics are needed for which character. After an initial meeting with the Make-up Designer and Director, Prosthetics Artists are briefed and given detailed drawings and specifications...

Distribution

Publicist

Responsibilities Publicists must fully understand the selling points of each film they publicise. Once the core audience has been identified, Publicists help to create and implement the Distributors' release plan. To reach the broadest core audience, Publicists generate detailed publicity campai...

Performers

Puppeteer

What is the job? Productions can make enormous demands on Puppeteers. They are often required to cope with poor physical conditions, including working in various strange positions on, under or above the set, whilst also being able to operate a variety of puppets, irrespective of how well or badly...

Facilities

Receptionist - post production

What is the job?Receptionists answer phones, operate the door/entry system, log in and meet and greet clients and other visitors. Because clients spend long periods of time at Post Production houses, they are usually catered for on the premises, and Receptionists may be responsible for ordering and ...

Post Production Sound

Re-recording Mixer

What is the job? Re-Recording Mixers' first task on films is usually mixing the soundtrack for audience previews. Typically, this involves an intense period of time (up to three days) spent in the dubbing studio, where the they work at large mixing consoles, mixing and smoothing out (cross fading)...

Construction

Rigger

Responsibilities Riggers are responsible for building rigs on film productions and, depending on the size of the shoot, they report to, and receive instruction from Chargehand, Supervising or HOD Riggers. The job may involve building a variety of structures, ranging from small platforms to huge co...

Facilities

Runner - post production

Post production involves creatively weaving together visual and audio materials shot or created during the production process, and combining them with other media, graphics, effects, subtitles, or archive footage to create a variety of final products, including broadcast programmes, DVD titles, corp...

Construction

Scenic Artist

Responsibilities Scenic Artists are usually briefed by the Production Designer and/or the Chargehand Painter to produce one or several scenic works for films, such as cloud backdrops, or the backdrop of a city such as New York or London, which is to be viewed out of a set window. They may also b...

Script

Screenwriter (Scriptwriter)

Responsibilities Screenwriters provide a blueprint onto which the Producer, Director, Production Designer, Composer and Editor, cast and crew can graft their creative efforts. Screenwriters must be able to write a screenplay in which the reader can 'see' the film unfold cinematically in their imag...

Script

Script Editor

Script Editors have a particular insight into the structure of screenplays, and the effect that different types of narrative have on audiences. Script Editors must not only be able to form a clear, objective opinion about the premise, synopsis, treatment or screenplay, but they must also be able to ...

Script

Script Reader

Responsibilities Script Readers mainly work for public funded bodies, such as the Regional Screen Agencies. Where UK film companies use Script Readers, they are usually trusted Readers or Script Editors, whose opinions are highly respected by Producers or Development Executives. Script Readers may...

Camera

Script Supervisor

What is the job? Script Supervisors’ overall responsibility is to monitor whether it is possible for each shot scene to be edited into a verbally and visually coherent sequence. During pre-production they check the script for any errors and/or inconsistencies, prepare estimated running times...

Performers

Singer

What is the job? Singers may specialise in certain styles, e.g., opera, classical, musical productions, country, rock and pop, etc., or they may be required to sing in a variety of different styles. Soloists are generally expected to arrive at the first rehearsal having learnt their music, and be...

Production Sound

Sound Assistant (Trainee)

What is the job? Sound Assistants usually begin work on the first day of shooting, arriving on set half an hour before call time, with the rest of the Sound Crew. They help to unload the sound van, and working with the Boom Operator, check that all equipment is prepared and fully operational. Durin...

Post Production Sound

Sound Designer

What is the job? Sound effects are added after filming, during the editing process, to give the film its sonic identity, e.g., location, period, or a particular mood. Creating, manipulating and positioning these sound effects are the responsibilities of Sound Designers. They may be employed by A...

Art Department

Specialist Researcher

What is the job? The Specialist Researchers’ work is highly specialised, and is only required on a few big budget films, usually historical epics or sci-fi/fantasy. This role should not be confused with that of live-footage Researchers who research any Film/TV clips and stock footage for use...

Construction

Stagehands

Responsibilities Stagehands' responsibilities are wide and varied. They contribute to the building of sets, working closely with Carpenters, Plasterers, etc., and are responsible for controlling the stock of raw materials, and producing various effects, e.g., ageing down. Stagehands look after the...

Art Department

Standby Art Director

What is the job? Depending on the film’s style and budget, Standby Art Directors begin work 1-2 weeks before the first day of principal photography. After breaking down the script, and carefully listing all props required, including graphics (letters, newspapers, signage, etc.), animals, veh...

Construction

Standby Carpenter

Responsibilities Standby Carpenters are responsible for dealing with any changes or improvements to the set or props, which may be required during a film shoot. If any problems arise with the wooden structures, fittings, props or scenic equipment on the set, Standby Carpenters repair, refit or rea...

Construction

Standby Painter

Responsibilities Usually specifically selected by Chargehand Painters or Construction Managers, Standby Painters are responsible for dealing with any painting problems during film shoots. If there are problems with any of the paintwork or wall hangings, Standby Painters are required to repaint or ...

Props

Standby Props

Responsibilities Standby Props are recruited onto films approximately one week prior to the commencement of the shoot, in order to carry out any on-the-spot tasks and instructions from Art Directors, and to solve any last minute problems, so that filming runs smoothly. During the shoot, Standby...

Construction

Standby Rigger

Responsibilities Standby Riggers are responsible for dealing with any Rigging problems that may occur during film shoots. If problems arise with any of the scaffolding, cables, ropes, or rigging equipment, Standby Riggers are required to repair, refit or reassemble them. This is often carried out ...

Camera

Steadicam Operator

What is the job? Steadicam Operators are responsible for the technical set-up of the Steadicam system and for balancing the camera on it. They liaise with Director, Director of Photography (DoP) and actors to set up and perform the required shots. They also work with the 1st Assistant Camera to en...

Performers

Stunt Performer

What is the job? The Stunt Register is divided into three categories of membership: Probationary, Intermediate and Full (Stunt Action Co-ordinators) and is the only approved directory of all potential employees in the UK visual and audio visual industries who are JISC qualified, and thus competent...

Post Production Sound

Subtitler

What is the job? Using accurate time codes, Subtitlers work with digitised versions of completed feature films, operating specially developed subtitling software that allows them to manipulate the sound on a frame by frame basis. After carefully watching and listening to the entire film, Subtitler...

Art Department

Supervising Art Director

What is the job? During preproduction, Supervising Art Directors work closely with the Production Designer and the Construction Manager to estimate the costs of the three main areas of Art Department spend: Set Construction, Set Decoration, and Art Department labour. Supervising Art Directors c...

Construction

Supervising Rigger

Responsibilities Supervising Riggers act as the 'eyes and ears' on the floor for HOD Riggers during productions, to ensure safe and smooth operations. Supervising Riggers are responsible for managing several of the Rigging 'gangs', each led by a Chargehand Rigger, who work on a film shoot. Liais...

Post Production Sound

Supervising Sound Editor

What is the job? Supervising Sound Editors' role varies according to the budget and scale of each film. On low to medium budget films they begin work when the picture Editor has achieved picture lock (the Director and/or Executive Producer have given final approval of the picture edit) and take a ...

Construction

Trainee Carpenter

Responsibilities During film production, as well as carrying out basic carpentry tasks, and supporting other experienced Carpenters in the workshop, Trainees learn how: to interpret technical literature, and oral and written instructions; to organise suitable resources, such as timber and tools; t...

Transport

Transport Captain

Responsibilities Transport Captains are in charge of all of the Drivers who are employed to drive actors, crew, the director, producers, press and extras to and from key locations, unit bases, editing suites and production offices. Working in collaboration with the Transport Co-ordinator, Producti...

Transport

Transport Co-ordinator

Responsibilities Transport Co-ordinators are in charge of all aspects of transportation on film productions, in particular on complex, big budget US-financed features, which shoot in different international locations. Transport Co-ordinators employ one or more Transport Managers to oversee the hir...

Transport

Transport Manager

Responsibilities Transport Managers are responsible for directly managing the transport of the equipment required by a film production, such as costumes, camera equipment or workshop materials, to the site of the shoot. Transport may be by mini-bus, HGV lorry, ship or air. Transport Managers are...

Transport

Unit Driver

Responsibilities Unit Drivers' days can start very early, at perhaps 4am or 5am, when they must pick up artists, the director, producer, crew members, extras or visiting press, and deliver them to the filming location. Throughout the day, they may be asked to pick up another artist, paper work, co...

Transport

Unit Minibus Driver

Responsibilities Unit Minibus Drivers are responsible for transporting cast, extras and crew during a film shoot. This may involve picking people up early in the morning to drive them to the location of the shoot, or to the studio, and taking them back later in the evening. During the day, Minib...

Health and Safety

Unit Nurse

Responsibilities The Unit Nurse's key responsibility is to provide first aid and primary healthcare. Those with extra skills, e.g., occupational health skills, may be able to provide specialist care and advice in this area. Unit Nurses may also be asked to comment or advise on health-related scene...

Publicity/Stills

Unit Publicist

What is the job? Unit Publicists (UPs) start work on films between 4 to 6 weeks before the first day of principal photography. Their first responsibility is to issue a press release providing information about the film to selected press, and to ensure that details about the film shoot, cast and cr...

Publicity/Stills

Unit Stills Photographer

What is the job? The number of days Stills Photographers work on set depends on the budget and scale of each film. On medium sized films, they are usually employed for at least 15 days; on big budget films with A-List casts, they may be required to be on set every day of the shoot. Their first res...

Performers

Variety Artist

What is the job? Variety Artists entertain people of all ages and backgrounds, working all over the UK and in other countries. They usually write their own material, devise their own acts, and run their careers as small businesses. Many make their own props, or source specialist suppliers. As they...

Camera

Video Assist Operator

What is the job? Before filming begins, VAOs check the compatibility of their equipment (which includes a playback system, recording unit, trolley, batteries and external monitors) with the film camera(s). On the first day of principal photography, VAOs arrive on set at the same time as the Camer...

Performers

Walk Ons and Supporting Artists

What is the job? Walk Ons and Supporting Artists are employed to provide background action on film and television productions. They may be directed by First or Second Assistant Directors, and must be prepared to spend long hours waiting on set or on location until they are needed for shots. They a...

Costume

Wardrobe Supervisor

Responsibilities Wardrobe Supervisors initially discuss films with Costume Designers, Costume Design Assistants and/or Costume Supervisors. They refer to the continuity book for details of which costumes are needed for which scene, how many changes are required in a shooting day, and whether Costu...